Most Rev. Paul Terrio

Seventh Bishop of the Diocese of St. Paul

"Ask The Bishop" Replies

The East or the West

Posted on June 1, 2017 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Hello your excellency. We claim as Catholics that we have the Church that was founded by Jesus. The Eastern Orthodox Church also claim this. Through my studies I have concluded that no other Christian denominations can be corrected, but for some reason I don’t know which claim is true, the East or the West. Thank you for your time

Hello J, and thank you for your question; the answer can come from clarifying or re-stating your question. It not about ‘either or’ between the Catholic and Eastern Churches but really about understanding how both are where the Church of Christ abides or resides. You mention your studies and so perhaps you have noticed that for practically 10 centuries there was no divide or official separation between the Eastern and Western «churches». Until then, although there were often tensions, everyone recognized and accepted the primacy and leadership of the successor of Peter, the bishop of Rome. But since the divide or schism, our Catholic understanding is that while the fullness of church life exists (subsists) in the Catholic Church, the Easter Churches are also sister churches and as such have the valid apostolic succession and the same sacraments as Catholics. The document «Domus Jeusus» of the Congregation for doctrine and faith explains all this very well. Blessings, +bishop Paul

Four questions

Posted on January 21, 2016 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Bishop Paul,

Here are some questions that I have heard from students. If you could take the time to help answer them, that would be greatly appreciated.

1. Some students say that we worship Mary and that this is whorshiping a second divine being. What do you say to that?

2. Where does our idea of Mary being born without Original Sin come from?

3. Is the ‘heaven on Earth’ making the world a better place, or is it the “New Heaven and New Earth” prophesied after the Apocalypse?

4. How do I handle students who take the Bible fully literally? Some students believe in the 6 days of creation, or some of the harsher readings of the Old Testament (such as marrying you brother’s widow or stoning people) and I want to know how to answer those.

Thanks in advance! P

Hello P,

I apologize for taking so long to get back to you.

1. “worshipping Mary” – … Well, first, if they are friends with or know any Catholics, they should be able to recognize that in fact, we do not “worship” Mary but rather confide in her closeness to Jesus to intercede for us. Also, even non-Catholics who accuse us of this should admit that we never have nor do expect Mary to fogive sins which of course only God can do.

2. Strictly speaking the doctrine of Mary’s immaculate Conception was only formally proclaimed by the Church in the mid-50s of the 19th century and then confirmed by the apparition of Mary to Bernadette Soubirous at Lourdes some years later. Belief in the exceptional holiness of Mary is ancient and traditional among Caholics and Orthodox but only after many centuries of theological research and dicussion was it officially taught by the Church.

3. It is the later. The ‘new heavens and earth’ are not the sole result of human efforts but the doing of Jesus Christ himself. It is something we must collaborate in but always remember that it will be by the gift of God that it finally comes about.

4. It really takes an introduction to the Bible to give a Catholic (and Orthodox) understanding of the Bible which is, strictly speaking, not a single unite or book but rather a collection or library of serveral types of writing, i.e. Bks of Law, Bks of poetry, Bkes of History, Bks of Prophets and then the New Testament with Gospels, Letters and the Bk of Revelation at the end. Recognizing these facts is the first step to over-coming a literalist or fundamentalist approach to scripture. But at the same time we should not treat the scriptures with just a historial or analytical perspective but also with love and affection for God who wants to communicate with us through these wonderful and ancient texts.

So, P, I hope that these ideas are useful and helpful. Thank you for the questions and always feel free to send them to me.

Bishop Paul

Thank you for your reply. This will greatly help our students who have asked the “big questions”.

I appreciate you taking the time to answer them. P

Question about the teaching the Holy Spirit to students

Posted on January 21, 2016 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Good Evening Bishop Paul,

I have a question for you about teaching the Holy Spirit to my students. I have no problem teaching them about God the Father, there are many scriptures and passages about God and they have been hearing about God their whole life. Secondly teaching about Jesus I don’t find to be an issue because again many of the stories of the Bible that are attached to Jesus and his life.

It is the Holy Spirit I have problems with, do I simply explain to them that the Holy Spirit is the conscience of our faith? I do not want to do a disservice to the Holy Trinity by being unable to explain to my students what the Holy Spirit is. It has compelled me to take on the vocation of Catholic teacher and to guide God’s message to my students.

I guess I’m having trouble with explaining to my students the concept of the Holy Spirit and what it should mean for them.

Thank you for your time, I look forward to your response. M

Hello M,

I apologize for taking so long to get back to you.

It is interesting that you also ask this question because several other teachers have had similar ones about the trinity and the Holy Spirit.

1st – we need to always remember that we are not alone when sincerely teaching about the faith; the Spirit Himself, also is involved.

2nd – we and no one else can ever totally or adequately explain God whose mystery is always beyond our mental reach in this life.

3rd – St Teresa of Avila (a doctor of the faith) had as a basic principle for the spiritual life that it must always begin with the humanity of Jesus Christ and return to it. That is, our Lord Jesus is always our guide and bridge to God.

4th – Therefore despite the curriculum and official programs of religious education, we should really know the story of Jesus but also be starting to KNOW JESUS personally BEFORE we talk about the Holy Spirit. Yes, the Bible stories mention the Holy Spirit early on but Jesus himself in his ministry and teaching only talks about the Spirit late in his ‘career’. And he does that for good reason. It is only on his (Jesus’) trustworthiness or reliability that we are going to accept or enter into the mystery of God among us. Also remember that it was only during and after Pentecost that the apostles themselves confidently believed and preached the Good News.

5th – You can also begin by recalling for them that many things are real or exist that are not material or physical, e.i. ‘love’, justice, etc. And then from there speak about the reality of God who is spiritual etc.

I hope that these ideas are helpful and thank you for your question.

Bishop Paul

Straight gay alliance program

Posted on January 11, 2016 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

[Question] hello. My public school has informed me that they are bringing in a straight gay alliance program. A couple years ago i remember you had said a homily on the topic. My question is, what do i think and what should i do about it. Thank you. Jayden

Hello Jayden,

Thank you for your question.

You say that your “public school” has announced that they are bringing in a “straight gay alliance” program which I supose is the same as the GSA or Gay Striaght Alliance and which the amended Bill 10 and the Ministry of Education are insisting on, for all schools of the province.

Legally they now have the right to do this in Alberta.

And so your question is “what do I think or do about this”?

Well, you are (I suppose) a Catholic student in a public school and therefore you should respect the right of the students and the school to provide this service of a “GSA” program for anyone who wants it.

However, you are also asking for advice (I suppose) as a Catholic student in this situation.

Therefore, first of all, as a Catholic bishop, I remind you that according to our catechism, we are to always respect and recognize the rights of people of same-sex orientation (or other forms of) and so in a public school, accepting GSA is normal. Of course, participation in them is voluntary so that you can be respectful without having to belong to one.

My understanding is that GSAs are to deal with and to prevent bully-ing because of sexual orientation. In this sense, they are not a problem for Catholics.

However, if GSAs are, or become, a means of promoting or spreading a same-sex or LGBT life-style then they become problematic for a Catholic and I would think also, for many who are not Catholic.

Jayden, I hope this is useful for you and again I thank you for the question.

The Holy Trinity and Church Traditions

Posted on December 8, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Bishop Paul,

A few of my colleagues and I are struggling with how to teach our students about our trinitarian God and the traditions of the church without simply learning the motions. We want them to internalize the words they are saying. Do you have any suggestions about how we can teach our students the importance of the words they are saying or the tradtions they are participating in?

K and colleagues

Hi K, (and colleagues)

I think that this reply to a similar question from a few days ago might be helpful. (See A Trinitarian God below.)

Also, I can add that for sure, children (nor anyone) should not approach the Trinity from a purely intellectual perspective. If they do that, they are left only contradictions.

Rather, as already stated in the ‘forward’, children have to approach the question of the Trinity from a perspective of faith and trust in Jesus Christ.

I realize that curriculum is for the collectivity whereas, faith is personal and I can only feel for you teachers in catholic schools where often students do not have a personal faith background.

Maybe, it would facilitate things for the whole class, to state simply but in non-accusatory manner, that the Trinity, like the miracles of Jesus, presupposes faith in the person of Jesus as risen Lord. In today’s social climate it should not be a surprise to anyone that not everyone(even in Catholic schools) has faith in Jesus as our risen Lord.

For sure there is a very interesting theology of the Trinity but in catechism or religious education if we do not want to study it like we would chemistry or Viking mythology, then it has to be approached from and in faith.

Let me say again, that it is encouraged for me as bishop that you teachers are concerned about this. And I would be happy to have a meeting with you teachers and/or your classes to support you with what is really a faith issue as well as a technical catechetics issue.

Thank you and blessings,

+bishop Paul

The Bible

Posted on December 8, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Good morning Bishop,

My class has been very inquisitive and have asked a few quesions regarding the Bible. One question my class has asked that I’m not too sure as how to answer is, “What percentage of the Bible was transmitted orally versus transmitted written?

Thank you for any insight you can provide to this question.

Best regards, M

Hello M,

I am impressed with the general question for students of an elementary-middle school. It really is quite a scientific question.

The question of how much of the Bible was ‘transmitted’ by oral tradition presupposes that we have an clear idea or definition of ‘oral tradition’.

In a sense, much of the Bible involving stories or histories would be ‘verbal’ before being set in a written version. However, in the Old testament there are poetic, legal and liturgical texts which likely began in written form. And then, there are the New Testament letters of St Paul and others that began in written form. The first 3 Gospels are a big subject apart which carry the so-called ‘synoptic question’ as to which came first and influenced the others.

I have never seen a statement in terms of % of the Biblical text having involved an ‘oral tradition’.

Probably, what would be useful to anyone thinking in the terms of the question, is to explain that the ‘book’ of the Bible is not really a single book but is rather a collection of inspired and varied texts which grew over many centuries within the faith experience of first, the people of Israel and then at the founding of the “New Israel”, the Church instituted by Christ, who is the Messiah as promised to the “old Israel”.

In other words, oral tradition as a literary and Biblical fact does not stand alone but is part of a larger process involving ‘inspiration’, ‘inerrancy’ and ‘canonicity’ as well as ‘tradition’ and ‘Synoptic question’ etc.

Now, I know that such, is not the ‘stuff’ of religious ed. in elementary schools. However, for the teachers dealing with such questions, the answers eventually do need to take into account the ‘bigger picture’. And that bigger picture is accessible via on-line courses from Newman Theological College in Edmonton. And I assure you Biblical studies are very interesting ‘stuff’!

I can also say that having more scripture background helps avoid making ‘oral tradition’ carry a heavier load in the Bible than a scientific and yet faith filled perspective provides or requires.

So, I have not been able to give you a simple answer of % of the Bible being transmitted via only oral tradition since there is no such consensus among experts. But I have indicated the larger territory of the subject and, I hope, also how interesting in themselves such subjects are.

Thank you very much for writing and I would be happy to visit your class and without using such terms, try to convey to them something of the wonder of the Biblical worlds.


+bishop Paul

Community Support

Posted on December 3, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Hello Bishop Paul,

We are wondering how we as teachers and catholic leaders in our community can help support our students who are struggling with their faith journey. They could be questioning their faith. They may have had a tragic event in their lives and are questioning why God would let this happen to them.

These moments often happen during casual conversation or closed door type discussions when students come to us.

We are also interested in any local resources that we can join to help build community in a faith based environment. Any ideas would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks, L, S, S, C

Hi L, S, S, C,

Well, first I would say that the fact that you pose these questions is already an important step. It shows that you care about the faith of your students.

Questions of faith from young people can arise, of course, from varying contexts or situations. The more acute or painful the context, the more important is the fiath witness, rather than ‘merely intellectural’ explanations or theology. By faith witness I mean first of all, caring and then discrete and gentle signaling that our own faith and prayer is there to accompany them in their pain.

I am impressed by your mention of “community …faith based environment”. For sure it is something needed to better support and nourish the faith of young people, even outside school, whether they are in crisis or just curious about going deeper into the faith journey.

I think something like a “faith circle” or reflection club or group within the school for students and interested teachers could be a possibility. Or it could be a group for interested teachers and adults and parents in the community connected to the school and who want to be available to students with ‘faith troubles’.

As far as I know, such a group has yet to be “invented” or initiated in Bonnyville or Cold Lake. Personally, (if I know early enough in advance) I would be happy to go to, at least, a first exploratory meeting or gathering to encourage such a group or groups.

I know that Julie Chorney has and uses the YOUCAT or Youth Cathechism which is in Q & A format with deliberately concise and short answers. You can access it through her and it would always be a good resource, at least for teachers, even if not immediately for young children.

As your email, seems to suggest, the sharing of faith in discussion and questioning is itself, nourishing and supportive for the faith journey.

Now that you have my email, please, feel free to send me questions any time. I am happy to join in with whatever I can offer.


†Bishop Paul

A Trinitarian God

Posted on December 3, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Hello Bishop Paul,

We teach young children and they seem to struggle with the concept of a Trinitarian God. Is there a way to explain this idea to them without further confusing them by using vocabulary that they would understand?

Your friend in Christ, T

Hi T,

You have a wonderful and essential question. I would say this:

– Even if the children ask the questions about the Trinity in an already fairly conceptual or abstract way, I believe the pedagogy of the Gospels or our Lord himself is the best for approaching the subject of the Holy Trinity. Just remember that our Lord did not begin his teaching by talking about the Holy Spirit or the Trinity. But only later and gradually in his public life and ministry.

– The Gospel writers of course, mention the Spirit, but our Lord himself, as they record and present him, did and spoke about many things before mentioning the Spirit. Indeed, the word ‘trinity’ does not appear in the Gospels.

In other words, I believe that we have to begin first, by leading children deeply into the stories and actions of Jesus and only when they have begun to have a more personal relationship with him, do we lead them to the pertinent texts from the St. John Gospel which explicitly report his words about the Spirit or Paraclete etc.

Or said yet another way, intellectual curiosity can pose questions about the Trinity. But since the Trinity is absolutely mysterious and completely dependent on divine revelation from Jesus himself, it is only from within a faith relationship with Jesus that his statements about the Spirit (and therefore the Trinity) will have any credibility or coherence. Just an intellectual or “abstract” explanation of the Trinity does not work usually.

Please feel free to get back to me if this is not what your question was focusing on. And thank you for what you are doing!


†Bishop Paul

The Sacraments

Posted on December 3, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Hello Bishop Paul,

Growing up Catholic, we have often forgotten the meaning of the sacraments. is there a one or two sentence explanation for why we receive each sacrament. I was at the Bonnyville First Communion and Confirmation this May and enjoyed your explanation of why we receive the sacraments and would appreciate how to explain them to our students. Thank you. R

Hi R,

Well, as a teacher you will know that for some students or young people, a short — couple of sentences answer may be fine at the moment or for awhite. However, with more life experiences, both good and bad, they are going to need deeper and more contextualized answers to accompany their growing faith. I think that the best catechetical resource for those teaching remains the YOUCAT or Youth Catechism. It’s a yellow and farly small book with plenty of pictures and is in Q & A format. Julie Chorney or the librarian of the school should be able to get you one. I have not found anything better for both teachers and students. By the way, you or any students are always welcome to email me directly with questions. I love the worlds of education and am always happy to “jump in” and try to answer any requests.

Thanks for asking and all the best,

† Bishop Paul


Posted on October 23, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan Categories

Bishop Paul Terrio,

As I always have an eye out for great catholic educational material for our children, I am curious as to what exactly is Baltimore Catechism and am wondering if it is pre-Vatican 2 as it seems to somewhat fit our beliefs yet a bit different on some points. If it is pre-Vatican 2, do we avoid it?


Hello Rachel,

Our Catholic Faith is one and unchanging in its essence however, its presentation and explanation will adapt to the language and culture of the societies in which Catholics live.

The Baltimore Catechism was produced and published by the American bishops in 1885 because of the need to present and explain the faith in the fast growing and “young” immigrant Catholic Church in the USA. But the essentials of that Baltimore Catechism came from the Roman Catechism of 1566 which had been written at the request of the Council of Trent after the start of the Protestant Reformation.

The present Catechism of the Catholic Church was published after Vatican II in 1992 by Pope St John Paul II. It is a complete and nuanced presentation of our Catholic Faith but its language is often challenging for anyone without a theology degree. Therefore two summaries of this catechism have been produced.

In 2005 the Compendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church was published. It is a summary in question and answer form of the whole catechism and is really much more accessible to the general public. It is a good book for adults.

Then in 2010 a new edition, also in question and answer form for young people, YOUCAT, was published.

I highly recommend the YOUCAT for both parents and their children.

The Baltimore Catechism, of course, does not teach errors but it was intended for a society and culture which were pretty different from that of today. So, I do not forbid it but I know that the YOUCAT speaks more deeply to this generation of youth. Also the YOUCAT is in sync with the wonderful new Alberta Bishop’s school religious education series “Growing in Faith, Growing in Christ” of which the Grade One part started this past September.

Sorry for the long answer but it is a big subject!

Come and See Weekend

Posted on September 12, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

I went on the website for St. Joseph Seminary and it didn’t give me all the information I would like on the topic of the “come and see weekend”. I was wondering if maybe you could give me more info on the topic. Like if you stay for a couple of hours or if you stay there for the whole weekend. Things like that. Thank you for your time. Jayden

Hello jayden and thanks for the questions.

The “Come and See” goes from Friday evening after supper and ends after lunch on Sunday and is a ‘live-in’ experience in the seminary. So you get to see something of the typical seminary day as well as interact with seminarians and the priest formators. There are also presentations and panels and question/answer sessions as well as recreational activities.

It is rated an enjoyable week-end whether or not one ends up entering the seminary.

There will be more information on-line as the date in November gets closer.

If you are a member of the Church like a Priest or a Bishop, are you considered unemployed in the eyes of the government?

Posted on September 12, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Hello Jayden,

No, clergy are certainly not considered “un-employed” by the government and we all pay un-employment deductions on our salary.

Is the God of Catholicism and Islam the same God?

Posted on September 12, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Hello Mario,

Our Catholic faith recognizes that God is One and that there is therefore, only one God.

However, this does not mean that there is but one religion.

The Vatican ll Council document “Lumen Gentium” explains very well the relationships between Catholicism and other religions.

It points out that, either directly or indirectly, all religions tend to lead ultimately to the one God.

To ponder more deeply this question it also helps to recognize that religions are either the result of what people can, by thinking and observing, discover about God or they result from what God has revealed/spoken about Himself and us.

The Vatican ll document mentioned teaches that there are three great religions which have derived from what God has revealed namely, Judaism, Islam and Christianity.

So you see this is a very interesting and important question you have asked. I hope you continue pondering such questions but especially I hope that you pray to God so as to come to know Him more and more.

As bishops “retire”, are they still members of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops?

Posted on July 23, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

The answer is ‘yes’; they are welcome to attend but do not vote on issues of current pastoral government.

Bishop’s Hats

Posted on June 15, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Hi, this is Nick, i just got confirmed with you in St. Paul and i was wondering why your wear such a big white hat and pink hat. Also for what reason do you remove your hats and put them back on during church.

Hi, this is arielle nick’s younger sister and i wanted to know why there is no sunday school during easter.

Hello Nick and thank you for the question which I bet lots of young people wonder about. My 3 year old grand-nephew, Sam, when he saw me with it, said, “Uncle Paul, that’s a crazy hat!”

In the Bible, the letter to the Hebrews speaks of our Lord Jesus as the new high priest of the New Covenant and the high priests in ancient Israel wore a ceremonial hat called a mitre. Bishops who are, in a sense, the ‘high priest’ of a diocese therefore also wear the mitre for solemn liturgies or celebrations.

As to how it is worn or used, that is indicated by a book called the “Ceremonial of Bishops” which tells us how to do religous celebrations. Basically it says that the mitre is used for processions, when we give blessings or preach and when we are seated.

As to the ‘pink hat’, it is a skull-cap and as far as I know it originated as a little cap to keep the head warm while praying in big cool churches often at night. It was worn by all the clergy praying in former times but had diffirent colours to distinguish who was a priest, a bishop, a cardinal or the pope. So the ‘pink’ or rose colour is for bishops.

And ‘hello’ to you too, Arielle! I don’t know all the details of your Sunday School schedule but I suspect that the reason that it stops for Easter is that there are not enough volunteers to keep it running since so many are on vacation with their families.

Thank you both for your questions and ask anytime. You are most welcome!

Why do Kocher diet restrictions no longer apply in the new covenant?

Posted on May 11, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Biblically an answer as to why the Kocher dietary rules do not apply in the New Covenant is found in Acts 10: 9-16 where Peter, by a voice from heaven told to eat even “unclean” animals because ‘What God has made clean, you must not call profane’ (Acts 10,16).

Then more ‘theologically’, the Old Covenant has been definitely fulfilled by Christ who has established the New Covenant. St Paul says, “We ourselves are Jews by birth and not Gentile sinners; yet we know that a person is not justified by the works of the law but through faith in Jesus Christ” (Gal 2:15-16).

How do I address a Bishop in person and in writing?

Posted on February 2, 2015 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

For an archbishop in both writing and in person you address him as “Your grace, archbishop …”

For a bishop in both writing and in person (formally) you address him as “His excellency, bishop …”

Informally for a bishop, we use and hear, ‘bishop’ used in place of ‘father’ for a priest. i.e. “Bishop Paul, a beer or a glass of wine?”

Why are you Catholic and not Protestant?

Posted on April 8, 2014 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

Well, my mother and her family were all non-Catholic and members of various so-called Protestant churches, so I might have become a Protestant. However, my mother after much thought and prayer and a couple of years after my parents were married, decided to become herself, a Catholic.

She did this after a series of discussions and guided readings with a parish priest. She later told me and my brother and sisters that she learned that all who recognized Jesus Christ, as Lord and Saviour are Christians and therefore not excluded from eternal salvation, which for us kids was great because half of our family weren’t Catholic. However, she also learned that within Christianity not all denominations or ‘churches’ shared the full sacramental gifts of Christ to help us enter eternal life. Specifically, not all share the sacrament of the Eucharist or Mass which is how Christ gives his own life to us while we are still journeying in this life and to strengthen us for an eternal life with him. My mum always said it was because of the Eucharist that she became Catholic but that also, before that the faith and prayer life of my dad’s family had greatly moved and encouraged her.

So I am a Catholic initially by family circumstance but as an adult I remain a Catholic because, among other things, I too discovered Mass and the Eucharist.

What is a bishop’s “job”?

Posted on April 8, 2014 Posted By: Deacon Ryan

First, is to personally know our Lord Jesus Christ and secondly, is to share and witness that acquaintance with the people of the diocese.

I begin with this, because it really is the basic and most important part of my life and work as a bishop. It is never ending, very exciting as well as challenging but also renewing each day!

From the Gospels we see that Jesus was, at the same time, a shepherd, a prophet and a priest and so every bishop also has these 3 focuses or dimensions to his work within the diocese entrusted to his care.

A bishop is priest as he celebrates the sacraments for the people but also, and especially, when he prays for and with his people.

A bishop is a prophet as he teaches and explains the faith and how to live it here, today, for his people.

A bishop is a shepherd as he provides priests and deacons and lay ministers for the parishes and also when he cares for and coordinates the material needs of the clergy, parishes and diocese.

As you can image, being a bishop is a full-time “job” but it is a wonderful adventure too. Just like being a Catholic Christian is a full-time “job”. It involves knowing and loving Jesus Christ today, with the people around me.

B.A., L.Th., Cert.Ed., Ph.L.

Bishop of St. Paul

Born on May 4, 1943, in Montreal; ordained to the priesthood on May 23, 1970. He obtained a Bachelor of Arts and a teaching certificate from Concordia University, a Licentiate in Theology from the University of Montreal and a Licentiate in Philosophy from Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

He worked as Parochial Victor of the Cathedral of Montreal to 1975 and taught at College de Montréal until 1983. As a Sulpician he served at the Seminary of Brasilia and in 1994 joined the formation team at St. Joseph Seminary in Edmonton. He served as pastor to two parishes in the Archdiocese of Edmonton and as Director of Vocations for the Archdiocese. He was working as President of Newman Theological College when Pope Benedict XVI appointed him Bishop of St. Paul on October 18, 2012. He was ordained to the episcopate on December 12, 2012.

The Bishop's Coat of Arms

ARMS: The red field and Roman sword are taken from the coat of arms of the diocese of Saint-Paul and evoke the faith witness and martyrdom of the saint and patron of the diocese. They also allude to the bishop’s personal name.

The upper field in blue with the gold star is for the Stella Maris of our Lady of the Assumption who is the Patron of the Acadian peoples of Bishop Terrio’s paternal heritage.

The golden lion can evoke our Lord himself, as the Lion of Judah, but also the family shield (Harper) of the bishop’s maternal heritage.

The white dove can allude to the Holy Spirit of love and peace but also to the Terriot family crest. (Terriot: old Acadian name of the family).

The black moon crescent is from the image of our Lady of Guadalupe, the patroness of the Americas on whose feast day the bishop received the episcopal ordination.

Former Bishops of the Diocese of St. Paul

Established Aug. 7, 1948

I. Most Rev. Maurice Baudoux, D.D., consecrated Oct. 28, 1948; transferred to the Archdiocese of St. Boniface, March 12, 1952; died July 1, 1988.

II. Most Rev. Philippe Lussier, C.Ss.R., consecrated Aug. 17, 1952; resigned Aug. 26, 1968, died Oct. 9, 1986.

III. Eminence Cardinal Edouard Gagnon, PSS, ordained Aug. 15, 1940; appointed Bishop of St. Paul Feb. 19, 1969; consecrated March 25, 1969; Left St. Paul May 9, 1972. Elevated to cardinalate May 25, 1985, died Aug.25, 2007.

IV. Most Rev. Raymond Roy, Ordained May 31, 1947; appointed Bishop of St. Paul, May 3, 1972; consecrated July 18, 1972; installed in St. Paul, July 27, 1972; retired June 30, 1997, died June 25, 2003.

V. Eminence Cardinal Thomas Collins, M.A., S.S.L., S.T.D., D.D. Ordained May 5, 1973; appointed Coadjutor Bishop of St. Paul on March 25, 1997, consecrated May 14, 1997; installed as Bishop of St. Paul, June 30, 1997. Appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Edmonton February 18, 1999; installed as Archbishop of Edmonton June 7, 1999. Installed as Archbishop of Toronto on January 30, 2007. Elevated to College of Cardinals on February 18, 2012.

VI. Most Rev. Luc Bouchard, D.D. Ordained September 4, 1976; consecrated as Bishop of St. Paul November 9, 2001. Installed as Bishop of Trois-Rivières on March 26, 2012.